STANDING ORDERS FOR DRESS AND CLOTHING
AS PERTAINING TO THE ARMY MEDICAL CORPS
I – GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS.
The great expansion of the Citizen Forces of Australia, due to the introduction of Universal Training, and the decision of Parliament that officers as well as other ranks are to be supplied with uniform free, has necessitated the simplification of patterns, and the reduction of articles not needed for training or active service to the minimum. All ranks realise that the changes made herein are absolutely necessary, not only on account of the great expenditure involved, but also to prevent the work of manufacture, issue, and accounting for uniforms from becoming too complex.
These Orders will come into force on 1st July, 1912, the commencement of Universal training in the Militia units, and Commanding Officers are to provide for the new Orders of Dress as soon as possible.
Details in regard to the change of system will be found in paras. 42 to 46.
On completion of the change, District Commandants and Commanding Officers will be held responsible that no deviations from authorised patterns are permitted.
II. – LIST OF CLOTHING ISSUED TO THE CITIZEN FORCES.
Issued to all ranks CLOTHING * Mounted or dismounted pattern
Bag, kit universal
Cap, field service
Hat, with band, numeral, and strap
Shirt, military, woollen
For Mounted Duty
For Dismounted Duty
In addition to-
Sergeant and higher ranks Jacket, Commonwealth pattern
Trousers, Commonwealth pattern
Sash, with web belt
The scale of issue is prescribed in Universal Training Regulations 173-5, and reprinted in Appendix I.
III. ORDERS OF DRESS
Occasions when to be worn Articles to be worn
No.1 - Marching Order
(a) Active Service Hat, military shirt, breeches,
(b) Manoeuvres leggings, or puttees and boots.
(c) Field days Bandolier, or web equipment as
(d) Marches issued, with haversack, water bottle and mess tin.
(e) Reviews and Inspections
(g) Fort manning Saddle and bridle complete, with
(h) When ordered headrope, shoe case, heel rope,
nosebag, and great coat rolled.
Great coat in pack or carrier; rolled on
Belt when these are not issued.
Intrenching tool (Infantry).
No.2 - Full Dress
Ceremonial other than above Uniform and accoutrements as
Guards of honour above, except as under-
Church Parades Haversack
General and district Courts martial Intrenching tool
When specially ordered Great coat
*all only when ordered
No.3 - Drill Order
Parades not included in above Same as for No.2, Full Dress, but
Regimental Courts martial; caps may be worn at night drills,
Boards, and Courts of Inquiry and when ordered for schools,
(c) When ordered for escorts, fatigues, &c.
IV. DESCRIPTION OF ARTICLES OF CLOTHING, ETC. ISSUED FREE TO THE CITIZEN FORCES
All articles not herein described in detail will be made in accordance with the Sealed Patterns, signed by the Quartermaster-General, and kept in the Ordnance Store of each Military District.
Aiguillettes and Shoulder Pads – To be of silk cord, fastened by a loop and screw button to the shoulder of the jacket, of the following colours:- Army Medical Corps Chocolate
Badges of Rank –
Major-General Crossed sword and baton, with star above
Brigadier-General Crossed sword and baton
Colonel Crown and two stars below
Lieutenant-Colonel Crown and one star below
Captain Three stars
Lieutenant Two stars
Badges of rank, except when otherwise ordered, will be worn on all shoulder cords and shoulder straps. They will be in gilt or gilding metal. The crowns when laid on shoulder cords or shoulder straps are 1 inch broad and 1 inch in height; the stars are 1 inch between opposite points.
General Officers’ badges are worn in pairs, point of sword to the front and edge of blade outwards or towards the arm.
The sword is 2 inches long and the baton 1/8 inch shorter.
Officers having brevet, local, temporary or honorary, rank wear the badges of that rank.
Badges, Special – These are described in Appendix II.
Belts, “Sam Browne” – The universal pattern, in brown leather, with two braces, revolver case, ammunition pouch, frog, and brown leather scabbard. Mounted Officers and Non-commissioned Officers will wear one brace instead of two.
Belt, Sword, Web – The universal pattern, with brown leather slings. To be worn under the sash.
Boots – When on duty with troops, the service pattern will be worn. At other times, ordinary black boots, plain or patent leather, may be worn with the trousers.
Breeches – Khaki cord, universal pattern, as sealed. There are two patterns, mounted and dismounted. On transfer from the latter to the former service or duty, new pattern breeches are supplied. The breeches are to be supported by hooks fitting on to the regulation waist belt. Troops having no waist belt as part of their equipment will use the same pattern as issued to Senior Cadets.
13. Buttons – These will be placed as in sealed patterns. The sizes are as follows:-
Large 39 lines
Medium 32 “
Small 26 “
Cap and gorget 18 “
Buttons will be made of brass of universal pattern.
Cap, Field Service – Universal pattern.
Cap, Forage – To be in accordance with the universal sealed pattern, a coloured band, as for hats, to be worn between the welts, and the numeral of the unit in the centre of the front part of the band.
The peaks will be as follows:-
Major-General & Embroidered with two rows of oak leaf
Field Officers Plain gold embroidery ¾ inch wide on
Other Officers Plain peak.
The peak to drop at an angle of 45 degrees, and to be 2 inches deep in the middle when worn with embroidery, and 1 ¾ inches when plain. Caps to be worn straight on the head.
Collars – The collars of jackets are not to be worn tight to the neck.
White linen or celluloid collar slips will be worn inside and attached to the collar, to show not more than ¼ inch above the uniform.
Cotton Material – Jackets, trousers, and Breeches are permitted to be made in cotton material, of the pattern sealed, provided that all members in the same unit are dressed alike.
Decorations and Medals – See Appendix III.
Gloves – Brown leather, but for evening entertainments white gloves may be worn in Full Dress.
Great Coat – Universal pattern as sealed, for all ranks. A waterproof coat of other material may be substituted in special cases, in places within the tropics.
Hat – Khaki felt, in accordance with sealed pattern. Looped up on the left side with hook and eye. Leather chin strap. Cloth band, 2 inches wide of following colours:- Army Medical Corps Chocolate
The numeral of the unit will be worn by all ranks on the front of the hat, bottom edge of the numeral ½ inch above the band.
Jacket, Commonwealth Pattern – To be in accordance with sealed pattern of Commonwealth pattern khaki cloth: Officers (step collar) - Single-breasted, cut as a lounge coat to the waist with back seam, very loose at the chest and shoulders, but fitted at the waist; waist band 2 1/4 inches wide, military skirt to bottom edge; length of skirt, 13 inches for a man 5 feet 9 inches, varying m proportion to height, step collar, depth of opening about 3 inches, two cross-patch breast pockets above, 6½ inches wide and 7½ inches deep from the top of the flap, box plait in centre 2 1/4 inches wide, three-pointed flap 6½ inches wide and 2 1/4 inches deep, two expanding pockets below the waist plaits at the sides, 9¼ inches wide at the top and 10½ inches at the bottom, 8 inches deep to the top of the pocket and fastened at the top with a line 26 button, flap with button-hole to cover pockets 5½ inches deep, 10~ inches wide, sewn into the bottom edge of the waistband. The top of the plaits of the pockets should be sewn down at the comers in such a manner that on service the pocket can be expanded at the top also; outside ticket pocket in the top of the waistband on the right side; inside watch pocket with leather tab above for chain or strap Four line 32 buttons down the front, the bottom one just below the lower edge of the waistband. To be lined or not, or as required, with lining of similar colour to the jacket. Pointed cuffs. Shoulder straps of same material as the jacket, fastened with line 26 buttons.
Jacket, Service Dress - Universal pattern as sealed, for all ranks except officers.
Trouser – Of same material as jacket.
Leggings – Brown leather of sealed pattern, for all ranks employed on mounted duty.
Mourning Bands – Officers in uniform when in mourning or attending funerals will wear a black band 3 ¼ inches wide round the left arm above the elbow. This is the only mourning to be worn in uniform unless other orders are specially issued, and will never be worn at levees or drawing-rooms except when the Court is in mourning.
Puttees – Woollen, khaki, of sealed pattern, 3 yards long. They will be rolled forward on the inside of the leg, and backward on the outside. The point is to finish on the outside pointing to the rear. All puttees in a unit are to be folded and tied in the same manner.
Saddlery – Universal pattern as sealed.
Sashes – Sashes are worn by all officers, for whom they are regulation, round the waist, the tassels hanging from the left side and immediately in rear of the front sling of the sword belt. The tassels should reach 4 inches below the skirt of the tunic. Waist sashes should be 2 ¾ inches wide, and without pleats.
Shirt, Military, Woollen – Two patterns are sealed, for use in hot climates and for general service, the former being lighter weight. The whole of a unit is to use the same pattern.
Spurs, Steel – Spurs, universal pattern, with brown leather straps and guards. Spurs will not be worn when travelling on board ship, or by officers inspecting armaments or magazines.
Swords and Scabbards – Will be issued as equipment.
Sword Knots – To be of sealed pattern, brown leather, and worn with all swords. In mounted services to be worn at full length, others rolled round basket of hilt.
Trousers, Commonwealth Pattern – Universal pattern, as sealed. Colour as for jacket.
Officers on the Unattached List will wear the uniform, &c., of the unit with which they last served on the Active List.
Area Officers who did not hold commissions in the Military Forces at the date of temporary appointment as Area Officers will wear the uniform prescribed for Infantry Officers, with Commonwealth badges.
RESERVE OF OFFICERS.
Officers of the Reserve of Officers will wear the uniform, &c., of the unit with which they last served, but with the word “Reserve” below the badges of rank in similar material to those badges.
Officers who have been retired, and are permitted to retain their rank, may wear the uniforms of the unit with which they last served, with the letter “R” below the badges of rank in similar material to those badges.
Note – Whenever Officers of the Unattached, Reserve, or Retired Lists require to renew their uniforms, the latest approved patterns will be followed.
V – INSTRUCTIONS WITH REGARD TO CHANGE OF OLD PATTERN UNIFORMS.
It is intended that all ranks of the Militia shall be supplied during the year 1912-12 with the articles authorized by Universal Training Regulations, Part V., 173-5, or with such articles as are not yet supplied. They will on expiration of their term of service be permitted to retain their uniform.
The cost of supplying such articles of new uniform as are required to members of Militia units on the strength on 30th June, 1912, will be borne by units, but in special cases, when it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Military Board that the funds available are insufficient to supply the whole of the articles of uniform required, such articles as cannot be provided out of Corps funds may be issued free from Ordnance Stores.
Recommendations for the above free issues will be forwarded by Commandants, with reasons for same and with one covering schedule, not later than 30th September, 1912.
Members training under Part XII of the Act, and, after the above-mentioned first supply, all old members of the Militia units will receive uniform as a free issue, to be supplied by Senior Ordnance Officers.
In the calculation of future issues to those on the strength on 30th June, 1912, it is to be taken that the articles set out in Universal Training Regulations, 173-5, are in their possession (as for a first issue) on 1st July, 1912, and the subsequent free issues will be made in the years therein stated.
VI – WEARING OF OLD PATTERN UNIFORM
Full Dress – Distinctive patterns of full dress hitherto authorized, may continue to be worn by those now in possession of them, when not on parade with other troops.
Officers, not on the Active List, who are permitted to wear uniform, may use uniform as was authorized for them when on the Active List.
SCALE OF ISSUE.
Extract from U.T.R. Pt.V.
The following shall be the scale of issue of uniform, &c., to soldiers of the Citizen Forces:-
At Commencement of Undermentioned Years of Service
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
Bag, kit, universal 1
Boots, pair* 1
Breeches, cord 1
Cap, field service 1
Great coat** 1
Hat, with band, numeral, and strap 1
Leggings, pair*** 1
Puttees, pair**** 1
Shirt, military, woollen 1
*To be kept greased, and used for parades only.
**Mounted or dismounted pattern, according to the arm.
***For mounted services.
****For dismounted services only.
Warrant Officers and Non-commissioned Officers of and above the rank of Sergeant in the Citizen Forces will also be supplied with-
Trousers, C.P., pairs.*
One of each on appointment, and at the expiration of every period of four years thereafter
In units of A.G.A. and S.M., and Electric Companies of C. of A.E. the jackets, trousers, and military shirt will be blue.
Officers in the Citizen Forces will be supplied with-
One of each on issue of commission. One additional every-
Boots, pair 3
Breeches, cord** 3
Cap, forage 4
Cap, field service 6
Great coat*** 6
Hat, with band, numeral, and strap 3
Jacket, C.P.* 6
Leggings, pair**** 6
Puttees, pairs***** 2
Sash, with web belt 12
Shirt, military, woollen 3
Trousers, C.P.* 6
*Khaki cotton garments of equivalent value may be substituted for woollen garments.
**Mounted or dismounted pattern, according to nature of ordinary duty.
***If not yet supplied. Pattern to be as for rank and file.
****For mounted services, and mounted officers of dismounted services on appointment as such.
*****For dismounted services.
(a) BUTTONS, BADGES, AND DESIGNATION OF UNITS.
Buttons – Will be of universal pattern as sealed, and will bear the Imperial crown, the design of the Commonwealth, and the words "Australian Military Forces”.
Badges – The badge to be worn on the hat will consist of a coloured band (see para. 21) to denote the “Arm” and a number to denote the unit.
Commanding Officers are permitted to supply, from regimental funds, abbreviations (in brass) of the official; designation or territorial title of the unit, or other regimental emblem or badge, and they may be worn on the collar, shoulder strap, flap of the hat, or field service cap. All such additions are subject to approval by Head-Quarters, and the whole of a unit is to be dressed alike.
Officers serving abroad are permitted to wear on the shoulder strap, while with other troops, the word “Australia” in brass or gilt letters.
(b)DISTINGUISHING BADGES AND CHEVRONS
No. of Bars.
Worn on Great Coats.
Worn on Jackets or Military Shirts.
Warrant Officers (not otherwise specifically provided for)
Brigade or Regimental Sergeant-Major (when not a W.O.)
Brigade or Regimental Quartermaster-Sergeant (when not a W.O.)
Squadron, Troop, Battery, or Company Sergeant-Major
Squadron, Troop, Battery, or Company Quartermaster-Sergeant
Bandsman & Musician
Warrant Officers will wear the badge on the right arm below the elbow.
Chevrons and badges of rank will be worn on the right arm only above the elbow, except Quartermaster-Sergeant’s four-bar chevrons and badges will be worn below the elbow.
Four-bar chevrons of Quartermaster-Sergeant will be worn with the point upwards; all others with the point downwards.
Chevrons and badges will be of gold embroidered for jackets, and worsted for military shirts and great coats. They will be stitched on to the garment.
Regimental Stretcher Bearers’ badge will be worn on the right arm below the elbow.
A Geneva cross will be worn on jackets, military shirts, and great coats by Warrant Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, and men of the Army Medical Corps, on the right arm. Warrant Officers below badge of rank, and Non-commissioned Officers above the chevrons.
All Non-commissioned Officers of the Artillery above the rank of Corporal wear a gun on jacket and military shirt.
All Non-commissioned Officers of the Australian Engineers above the rank of Corporal wear a grenade on jacket, military shirt, and great coat above chevrons.
Non-commissioned Officers and Privates who are employed as artificers, wear the following badges on jackets or military shirts:-
Collar-makers and Saddlers, a bit.
Farriers and Shoeing-smiths, a horseshoe.
Wheelers and Carpenters, a wheel.
SKILL AT ARMS
“S.B.’ (entwined) Efficiency, Regimental Stretcher Bearers
Musketry badges will be worn on the left forearm, with the exception of the crossed rifles and crown issued to Sergeants of the best shooting squadron or company, which will be worn on the right forearm.
All other badges will be worn on the left arm below the elbow.